- Should the death penalty be banned as a form of punishment?
- Is capital punishment a fair and appropriate measure for atrocious crimes or should it be banned?
- Recent Posts
- The Death Penalty Debate
- Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?
- Harsh punishments
- Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty
- Death Penalty Pros
- The Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty
- Plus Lists of Where It's Practiced and Banned
- Pros and cons of death penalty pdf viewer
It is considered the just punishment for a person legally convicted of an action which is deemed a safety threat to society. Most states in the U. Capital punishment is a legal penalty at the federal level in the United States for murder as well, along with treason, espionage, piracy, certain drug-trafficking offenses, or the attempted murder of a juror, court officer, or witness in some situation.
As of , every prisoner under a federal death sentence was convicted of aggravated murder. The U.
Should the death penalty be banned as a form of punishment?
That includes Private Eddie Slovik, who was executed on January 31, under the conviction of desertion. There are passionate people on both sides of this debate, so it is imperative to take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of the death penalty with an open mind whenever possible. A sentence of life in prison is disproportionate to the capital crime. Almost all death sentences handed out by the United States or state-level justice systems are for aggravated murder.
Only two people were on death row for a non-murder offense when the Supreme Court last ruled on the validity of the death penalty in Both inmates were convicted of the aggravated rate of a child under the age of 13, including Patrick Kennedy who was sentenced for raping his step-daughter. If a convicted criminal receives life in prison for taking a life, proponents argue that this is not justice because the outcome is disproportionate to the action taken. The death penalty can provide a deterrent against violent crime.
When many criminologists define deterrence in terms of the death penalty, they are looking at how the presence of this sentencing can stop violent acts by preventing someone to commit them in the first place. It becomes a value proposition.
Do I want to risk my life because I have a willingness right now to take the life of another? What we must look at for this advantage is the actual convicted person. Capital punishment creates an irreversible deterrent that the murderer will never get the chance to take a life again. It is a form of incapacitation that helps to protect society by preventing future crime in this manner.
Is capital punishment a fair and appropriate measure for atrocious crimes or should it be banned?
Whatever people fear most is likely to deter the most. The focus of the death penalty in the United States today is focused on ending life as quickly and as peacefully as possible.
That is why the process is typically carried out through the use of a lethal injection, creating a medically-imposed death that involves the least amount of pain possible. At various points in history, the death penalty was carried out by beheading, stoning, crucifixion, electrocution, shooting, or hanging. Saudi Arabia still carries out sword-based executions, while India, Japan, and Singapore use hanging. China uses a single shot to the back of the head, while Indonesia uses a firing squad.
The death penalty does not re-victimize the affected family. There is rightful sympathy or empathy directed toward the family of someone accused of a capital crime. These people are losing a loved one because of this legal structure. The family of the victim has also lost someone as well. The person who does not deserve sympathy is the criminal who decided to commit the capital act usually aggravated murder in the first place.
When the death penalty is one of the possible consequences that someone faces for their conduct, then it shields the family of the victim from another form of victimization. If given life without parole, there is always the possibility that the criminal could discuss their side of the case, describe the actions they took, or issue threats to other members of the family.
It eliminates the possibility of an escape and future victims. In , with the help of guards that he bribed, he escaped in a dirty laundry cart, and then into the trunk of a waiting Monte Carlo.
He hid in tunnels for days when captured in Mazatlan in When there is a life in prison sentence, then an individual has nothing to lose with their effort to escape. What can the criminal justice system do to that person except add more time to their life sentence?
By using capital punishment, this threat disappears — which means there will be no future victims either. The application of capital punishment in just ways can limit prison overpopulation issues. People are living longer today than arguably at any other time in history.
The state has the largest death room in the country, and with new capital convictions happening every month, their prison ran out of room.
There were people on death row in California in , up from in By managing this process so that it is efficient, including any appeals or pleadings which are legally permitted, it becomes possible to manage the population and limit costs without creating the potential for harm in the rest of society. It is the ultimate denial of human rights when implemented.
The Death Penalty Debate
Amnesty International describes the implementation of capital punishment like this. It violates the right to life. It is the ultimate cruel, inhuman, and degrading punishment. There can never be any justification for torture or cruel treatment.
The definition of justice can be a tricky element. How a society chooses to punish its offenders is more reflective of them than it is the choices that criminals make. Being pro-life by definition means that one must be for every life.
The death penalty can execute someone who is possible innocent.
Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?
Ever since the United States reinstated the death penalty after a Supreme Court ruling allowed for it as part of the justice system, over 1, people have been executed by the state or federal government. Courts in the U. There are 15 cases where there is strong evidence to suggest innocence out of this number, with the latest being Carlton Michael Gary, who was executed in by the state of Georgia. A police statement withheld from the defense indicated that the witness who identified Gary in court was actually asleep at the time and that she could not describe or identify her attacker.
DNA evidence left at the scene excluded him as well. Improper handling of evidence and a lack of presentation of other items were also part of the issue, along with a lack of federal review despite all of these concerns. The cost to prosecute the death penalty is much higher than other cases. When the state of Oklahoma examined the differences in cases where capital punishment was the desired outcome sought with a conviction rather than life in prison, the overall cost of pursuing the death penalty was 3.
There may not be any deterrence to crime with the death penalty in place. Life in prison without parole in a maximum-security detention facility is the better alternative. When examining data between states with and without the death penalty, there are five specific conclusions to draw.
In , there were 14, murders that took place in the United States, but there were only 35 executions that took place. It is used to control political messages. The United States uses the death penalty exclusively for the punishment of crimes as defined by legal code and precedent. It is a principle which is not consistent for other countries in the world. Some countries, including Sudan and Iran, use the death penalty as a political tool.
It becomes a way to punish political opponents who might want to take their country in a different direction.
There were a total of 2, death sentences recorded in 54 countries in , with about 20, people currently under sentence around the world at the end of the year. Children are sometimes put to death through the use of capital punishment.
Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty
There are at least 97 kids who were put to death by capital punishment laws in Iran since Scott Hain, Toronto Patterson, T. Sean Sellers was executed when he was 29 for a crime that he committed when he was There is no going back after the execution takes place.
Death Penalty Pros
When we carry out a death sentence, it is an irreversible sentence. Over people sent to death row in the United States have either been exonerated of the crime or released because there was direct evidence of their innocence. Even though a grand jury must indict someone and then the case and sentencing are both held before another jury in the U.
Conservative estimates on the number of innocent people convicted in the United States suggest that at least 0.
If the death penalty were not in place, then there would be time to reverse an unjust conviction. The evidence obtained to justify the death penalty is sometimes tainted.
The Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty
There are specific guidelines in the United States today that limit how and when law enforcement can obtain evidence during questioning. This structure of protection is not always available around the world. There are numerous people executed after being convicted during an unfair trial, often on the basis of evidence or confessions obtained through the use of torture.
Some defendants were not given adequate legal representation.
Plus Lists of Where It's Practiced and Banned
Some countries even use the death penalty as a mandatory punishment for specific offenses, which means the judge cannot consider the circumstances of the crime during the sentencing phase of a trial. It tends to be applied in a discriminatory way. In nine of the death penalty states, there was not a single elected prosecutor who came from a minority group.
Professor Katherine Beckett of the University of Washington found that jurors were 4. Family members of a victim are adversely impacted by the death penalty. The Marquette Law Review found that when family members go through the capital punishment process after someone they love becomes a victim, they have higher levels of mental, physical, and behavioral health problems when compared to when the perpetrator receives a sentence of life in prison.
Although this issue does not happen in every circumstance, some family members can feel responsible for the fact that the government is putting this criminal to death. Proponents would argue that capital punishment provides relief because it guarantees that person can no longer harm another, but there are many families who do not feel a sense of satisfaction with this action.
If they are the ones who experience loss, then there should be a way to provide input for them.
Pros and cons of death penalty pdf viewer
There are very few prison escapes that occur, and fewer that involve violent criminals. Most of the incidents that contribute to a prisoner escape come from low-security situations, like when 16 prisoners walked away from a work site and another 3 disappeared from a community work center. Out of all of the reported escapes in , only one inmate from a secured facility was able to get away.
There are people who will always decide to operate outside of the rules that society sets for safety and security. These are the criminals that filter into and out of prison consistently until they end up spending their life there.