Prabowo Subianto Djojohadikusumo born 17 October is an Indonesian politician, businessman and former Army lieutenant General who is the currently-appointed Minister of Defence of the Republic of Indonesia. He is the former husband of Titiek Suharto , the late President Suharto 's second daughter. They were married in and divorced in during the Indonesian political crisis.
Prabowo graduated from the Indonesian Military Academy in and served in the Special Forces Kopassus until his appointment as chief of the Strategic Reserve Command Kostrad in That same year, he was dishonorably discharged from the military and subsequently banned from entering the United States because of alleged human rights violations.
In the presidential election , he ran unsuccessfully for the vice-presidency as Megawati Sukarnoputri 's running mate.
Prabowo's father, Sumitro Djojohadikusumo , was an economist who served as former President Suharto 's minister for the economy and minister for research and technology. Prabowo has two older sisters, Bintianingsih and Mayrani Ekowati, and one younger brother, Hashim Djojohadikusumo. Hashim's pribumi conglomerate business interests stretch from Indonesia to Canada and Russia.
One of Prabowo's role models was Turkish military figure Ataturk , and according to peers and observers, Prabowo was talented with a passion for stratagems and had an appetite for political power. Prabowo married Suharto's daughter, Siti Hediati Hariyadi, in They have a son, Didit Hediprasetyo , who lived in Boston before settling in Paris to pursue a career in design. Prabowo enrolled in Indonesia's Military Academy in Magelang in On 31 December , Prabowo's company found and fatally shot Nicolau in the stomach as he was being escorted in Maubisse , fifty kilometres south of Dili.
Human rights abuses rose.
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The Army's campaign was called Operation Eradicate. The goal of the operation was the release of 11 scientific researchers, who had been taken hostage by the Free Papua Movement OPM.
The researchers were five Indonesians, four Britons, one Dutchman and his pregnant German wife. Two of the Indonesian male hostages were killed shortly before the rescue operation. Less than three months after his appointment as head of Kostrad , on the first day of the May riots , Prabowo urged the commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces , Wiranto , to let him bring his Strategic Reserve units from outside Jakarta into the city to help restore order.
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Troops under Prabowo's command kidnapped and tortured at least nine democracy activists in the months before the May Riots. Abuse included being punched, terrorized physically and mentally, and given electric shocks. Later investigations into the May riots revealed that violence in Jakarta was the result of an internal struggle within the military elite to become Suharto's successor.
Prabowo asserted that he was unsure of the precise movements of military forces in the capital and deferred to Sjafrie.
On the afternoon following Habibie 's inauguration as president, Prabowo demanded of Habibie that he be put in charge of the army in place of Wiranto.
A furious Prabowo went to the Presidential Palace packing a side arm and with trucks of his Kostrad troops. On being blocked from entering the Habibie's office, he instead went to Suharto who rebuked him. Following an ABRI investigation,  Prabowo acknowledged responsibility for the kidnapping of the activists.
He and Wiranto denied that the discharge was a result of disciplinary action. I was not behind the riots. That is a great lie.
I never betrayed Pak Harto. I never betrayed Habibie.
I never betrayed my country There was a certain group that wanted to make me a scapegoat, maybe to hide their involvement. While that was the military's official statement, observers have long believed that it was a coup conspiracy that saw Prabowo, then the commander of the Army Strategic Reserves, given his marching orders.
As a presidential candidate , Prabowo's past came under renewed scrutiny, with many organisations calling for him to step down. After being discharged from the military, Prabowo joined his brother Hashim Djojohadikusumo's business. He purchased Kiani Kertas , a paper pulp and plantation company based in Mangkajang , East Kalimantan.
Prabowo's companies include Nusantara Energy oil and natural gas, coal , Tidar Kerinci Agung palm oil plantations and Jaladri Nusantara fishery industry. Prabowo rebranded Kiani Kertas to Kertas Nusantara.
The company was established in and is part of the Nusantara Energy. It controls an area of 3, hectares used for paper mills, employee housing, private schools, and various company facilities. It is reported that Kiani Kertas has been experiencing financial difficulties and in early , workers took to the streets to demand their wages which had not been paid in five months.
Prabowo was the wealthiest presidential candidate in the election, with assets of Rp 1.
Selasa, 08 November 2011
Two months after the survey yielded positive results, East Kutai officials granted mining licenses to Nusantara Energy a subsidiary of the Nusantara Group, a conglomerate owned by Prabowo Subianto's family to operate in the area surveyed by Ridlatama.
In , Ridlatama's license was revoked, effectively completing Nusantara's take over of Churchill's operations. Churchill appealed to the Supreme Court of Indonesia but lost the case. Using his connections to President Suharto, Prabowo and his brother worked to silence journalistic and political critics in the s. Hashim unsuccessfully pressured Goenawan Mohamad to sell his outspoken and banned Tempo magazine to him.
In , Prabowo was one of five contenders vying to become Golkar party's presidential candidate.
He received the lowest number of votes, just 39, and was eliminated in the first round. In early , Prabowo's inner circle, including Fadli Zon , established the Great Indonesia Movement Party Gerindra , which nominated Prabowo for presidency in the elections.
In November , Prabowo announced his intention to run in the presidential elections. In March , Gerindra named Prabowo its presidential candidate. According to numerous quick counts after the 9 April legislative election , Gerinda came in third place, positioning Prabowo as one of two main presidential candidates for the election to be held 9 July, the other being Jakarta governor, Joko Widodo. On 22 July , the day that the KPU was due to announce its official tally, Prabowo withdrew from the race after having insisted on his victory since the initial quick counts were released, although the majority showed Jokowi ahead.
He attributed this withdrawal to Indonesia "fail[ing] in its duty to democracy" because of "massive cheating that is structured and systematic",  and stated that he and Hatta "exercise our constitutional right to reject the presidential election and declare it unconstitutional".
According to Douglas Ramage of the Jakarta-based Bower's Asia Group, this was the first time since reformasi began in that the legitimacy of an election was questioned; he declared the country was entering "uncharted territory". Following the announcement, the value of the Indonesian rupiah dropped by 0. On 12 April , Prabowo announced he would contest Indonesia's presidential election if he could obtain sufficient support from other political parties.
Luhut reportedly lost his enthusiasm after Prabowo allegedly said he would want to be in charge of the military and seven seats in any new cabinet.
Gerindra official Andre Rosiade also dismissed the report as a hoax. Shortly after his inauguration, Prabowo began advocating for a "total people's war" doctrine for Indonesia's national defence.
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In November an investigation conducted by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalism cited his name in the list of politicians named in " Paradise Papers " allegations. On 18 September , at the launch of a book on his father's political economy theory, Prabowo made a speech warning Indonesia could break apart in A video clip of the speech was posted to Gerindra's official Facebook page on 18 March When asked which studies Prabowo was referring to, Gerindra official Elnino M.
Husein Mohi said, "Prabowo has read various writings of people that are outside the country, intellectual observers that exist. You can also see them online. A note by the authors at the start of the book states: "The following was inspired by real-world trends and technologies. But, ultimately, it is a work of fiction, not prediction.
There have been many unexpected twists and turns from this book experience, but this may take the cake. In late , Prabowo was ridiculed after erroneously stating that Haiti , a republic in the Caribbean , is an African country. In a speech made on 23 December in Solo, Central Java, Prabowo said the Indonesian government had driven part of Indonesia's wealth offshore. On 17 January , in the first debate between the candidates in Indonesia's April presidential election, Prabowo said some Indonesian governors deserve higher salaries considering the size of their provinces.
He gave the example of Central Java province, which he claimed is larger than Malaysia. Local media reports pointed out that Central Java is 32, In the same debate, Prabowo claimed that terrorist attacks in Indonesia were caused by poverty and perpetrated by non-Muslims disguised as Muslims, sent by other countries and controlled by foreigners. Media reports refuted his claims, pointing out that some Indonesian terrorist bombers were not poor and were not manipulated by foreigners.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Prabowo Subianto. Titiek Suharto m. See also: Prabowo Subianto presidential campaign. This section may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies. Please help to create a more balanced presentation. Discuss and resolve this issue before removing this message. April See also: Paradise Papers. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 23 October The Straits Times. The Wall Street Journal.
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Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved 31 December The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved 14 April The Jakarta Post.