General Elections to Lok Sabha – 2019
Nagapattinam District is a coastal district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The town of Nagapattinam is the district headquarters.
Nagapattinam is derived from Nagar referring to people from Sri Lanka who settled here and pattinam referring to town. Ptolemy refers to Nagapattinam as Nikam and mentions it as one of the most important trade centres of the ancient Tamil country.
The town was originally called "Nagai" and the word Pattinam was attached during the Chola era when the town emerged as an important port. There are urn burials in and around the city from the Sangam period indicating some level of human habitation.
In the early 16th century the Portuguese started commercial contacts with the town and established a commercial centre in CE. The Portuguese also conducted missionary enterprise in the town. Ten Christian churches and a hospital were built by the Dutch. They also released coins with the name Nagappattinam engraved in Tamil letters. As per agreement between the first Maratta King Egoji of Thanjavur and the Dutch, Naagappattinam and surrounding villages were handed over to the Dutch on 30 December In , the capital Dutch Coromandel changed from Pulicat to Nagapattinam.
This town fell into the hands of the British in after the two naval battles between British and French fleets were fought off the coast of Negapatam, as it was then known: the first in as part of the Seven Years War and the second in as part of the American Revolutionary War.
The town was taken by the British from the Dutch in who had been formally brought into the war in From to CE Nagapttinam was the headquarters of Tanjore district.
About Nagapattinam District
The port suffered decline after the inclusion of Tranquebar and Tuticorin. Nagapattinam was one of the regions severely affected by the tsunami which followed the Indian Ocean earthquake. The district of Nagapattinam lies on the shores of the Bay of Bengal between latitude The Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea megathrust earthquake that occurred on 26 December , with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra , Indonesia, triggering a series of devastating tsunamis along the coasts of most landmasses bordering the Indian Ocean.
The damages caused impacted the fishing industry as most of the boats were damaged by the inundation.
In the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nagapattinam one of the country's most backward districts out of a total of As of India census , Nagapattinam had a population of 1,, This gives it a ranking of th in India out of a total of There are a total of , households. A total of , people constituting There are a total of , workers: 61, cultivators, , agricultural labourers, 8, in house hold industries, , other workers, , marginal workers, 10, marginal cultivators, 89, marginal agricultural labourers, 3, marginal workers in household industries, 15, other marginal workers.
There are a total of , households in the district: of 71, urban households and , rural households. There are a total of elementary schools, middle schools, 83 high schools and 79 higher secondary schools in the district. The are 32 districts in Tamil Nadu and for revenue administration purposes, each district is divided into revenue divisions , which are further divided to Talukas.
Each of these Taluks have a list of revenue villages under them and is headed by a Tahsildar. These panchayat unions have a set of panchayat villages under them. In urban areas, the governance is done by municipal corporations, municipalities or town panchayats based on the size of the town and each of these have a set of wards under them.
The legislative body is headed by an elected Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson. Nagapattinam District was formerly a part of Thanjavur District. The district boundary is shared by Tiruvarur, Karaikal, Tanjore and Cuddalore districts. Its population at the Census was nearly 1. The district has seven taluks , eleven administrative blocks eight town panchayats and four municipalities. From north to south, they are Sirkazhi , Tharangambadi , Mayiladuthurai non-coastal , Nagapattinam , Kilvelur , Thirukkuvalai non-coastal , and Vedaranyam.
It is bordered on the east by the Bay of Bengal and on the south by the Palk Strait.
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On the coast between Tharamgambadi and Nagapattinam lies the small district of Karaikal , an enclave belonging administratively to the Puducherry Union Territory. This is the only district in Tamil Nadu to be formed out of two disjoint regions. The district headquarters Nagapattinam is located in the southern part which is less populated than the northern one.
The current Member of Parliament from the Nagapattinam constituency is A. Vijayan from the DMK. CPI won the seat for 5 times during —77,  —80,  —91,  —98  and  elections.
DMK won 4 times during —84,  , —  , —09  and elections.
ADMK won the seat once during — Manian from the ADMK party. There are a total of six legislative assembly constituencies in the district, namely, Sirkazhi , Poompuhar , Mayiladuthurai , Kilvelur , Nagapattinam and Vedaranyam.
Nagore Durgha , a 16th century minaret located in Nagore , is one of the important pilgrimage centre of the town.
District Collector visited Election Training-II held for Polling Personnel – 21.12.2019
Kanduri festival is a 14 day event celebrated for the annual urs anniversary of the saint Hajrath Shahul Hamid CE , after whom the minaret is built. The festival is also seen as a sacred exchange between Hindus and Muslims expressing solidarity of mixed faith in the region. Kayarohanaswami Temple , a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva , is located in Nagapattinam.
The temple has been in existence from the 6th century CE and has been reverred by the verses of Tevaram , the 7th-8th century Saiva canonical work by Appar , Sambandar and Sundarar. Soundararajaperumal Temple is a Hindu temple in Nagapattinam dedicated to Vishnu.
It is one of the Divya Desams , the temples of Vishnu reverred in Nalayira Divya Prabandham by the Tirumangai Azhwar , one of the 12 poet saints called Alwars of the 6th-9th century. Pilgrimage to the basilica is common during September when people of many faiths, especially Hindus, Muslims and Christians of all denominations visit the basilica.
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Nagapattinam - District
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Nagapattinam. Contents [ show ]. National Institute of Rural Development.
Retrieved September 27, The Hindu. Retrieved 26 June Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 8 June Karan, Pradyumna Prasad; Shanmugam P. Kulke, Hermann; K.
Nagapattinam district profile pdf to jpg
Gazetteer Of South India, Volume 1. Mittal Publications.
Directorate of Census Operations - Tamil Nadu. Government of Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 16 April Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu state government. Retrieved 30 June Nagapattinam district administration. Retrieved on 8 June Commissionerate of Municipal Administration. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nagapattinam district. State of Tamil Nadu. Capital : Chennai. Tiruvidaimarudur Conservation Reserve. Portal : Tamil Nadu. Categories : Pages needing enhanced family history perspective Pages with broken file links Nagapattinam district Districts of Tamil Nadu.
Population of Nagapattinam District
Munusamy, IAS. Source: . Vijayan . Manian .
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