Louis Guilloux 15 January — 14 October was a French writer born in Saint-Brieuc , Brittany , where he lived throughout his life. He is known for his Social Realist novels describing working class life and political struggles in the mid-twentieth century.
Nevertheless, he manages to build self-help cooperatives on the model of Proudhonism.
Livre Le sang noir PDF Telecharger Gratuit
In high school, Guilloux befriended the philosophy tutor Georges Palante , an anarchist thinker who later killed himself. Palante's despair inspired Guilloux to create the character of Cripure, the anguished anti-hero of Le Sang Noir , which is considered his masterpiece. He also commemorated his old tutor in a memoir.
Before becoming a professional writer, literary translator and interpreter, Guilloux worked in various trades, including journalism.
À l'ouest rien de nouveau
He was well known for his fluency in the English language. He married in , and published La Maison du Peuple in The success of the book led to a long series of novels on socially committed themes, usually based in his native Brittany. His masterpiece Le Sang Noir was notable for its departure from his earlier, more straightforwardly socialist literature, since it contains elements of what was later associated with an existentialist or absurdist vision.
It centres on the suicidal thoughts of the anti-hero, Cripure, who feels overwhelming disgust at humanity in the destructive circumstances of militarism during World War I. Contrasted with the figure of Cripure is the nominal hero, Lucien, who aspires to work for a better future.
But the grotesque and self-excoriating visions of Cripure are repeatedly portrayed as more powerful and compelling than Lucien's idealism. After the liberation of France , Guilloux worked as an interpreter for the American army of occupation. In OK Joe! It has been described as his most experimental work, "an intricate text demanding patient reconstitution by the reader.
Micro- and macro-history collide: the horrors of war, and anarchist and Popular Front politics or right-wing coups, impinge violently on private dramas.
It is a haunted kaleidoscope, often hallucinatory. Guilloux was also a translator of a number of books, including the novel Home to Harlem written by black American author Claude McKay , published in under the title Ghetto Noir. Towards the end of his life he created scripts for television adaptations of literary classics. Louis Guilloux was friendly with many notable writers.
He knew the philosopher Jean Grenier from his teenage years, and was close to Albert Camus. Guilloux was active in left wing causes. In , he signed the petition, published April 15 in the magazine Europe , against the law on the general organization of the nation for war, objecting to the restrictions on intellectual independence and freedom of opinion.
However he refused to endorse the Soviet system. The prize is granted each year to a work in the French language which is characterised by "the humane qualities of generous thought, refusing all dualism and all sacrifice of individuality in favour of ideological abstractions". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Voyage au bout de la nuit
Louis Guilloux. Saint-Brieuc , Brittany , France. Saint-Brieuc , Brittany France. New York and London: Free Press, Les Editions Rencontre: in French. Lausanne: Editions d'en bas.
Categories : births deaths People from Saint-Brieuc 20th-century French novelists Breton writers Prix Renaudot winners French male novelists 20th-century French male writers. Namespaces Article Talk.
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