A load-bearing wall or bearing wall is a wall that is an active structural element of a building , that is, it bears the weight of the elements above wall, resting upon it by conducting its weight to a foundation structure.
The materials most often used to construct load-bearing walls in large buildings are concrete , block , or brick. Load -bearing walls are one of the earliest forms of construction.
SOLID Brick Load-bearing Construction Sequence
The development of the flying buttress in Gothic architecture allowed structures to maintain an open interior space, transferring more weight to the buttresses instead of to central bearing walls. The Notre Dame Cathedral is an example of a load-bearing wall structure with flying buttresses.
5. Partition Wall
In housing, load-bearing walls are most common in the light construction method known as " platform framing ", and each load-bearing wall sits on a wall sill plate which is mated to the lowest base plate. The birth of the skyscraper era, the concurrent rise of steel as a more suitable framing system first designed by William Le Baron Jenney , and the limitations of load-bearing construction in large buildings led to a decline in the use of load-bearing walls in large-scale, commercial structures.
A load-bearing wall or bearing wall is a wall that is an active structural element of a building , that is, it bears the weight of the elements above said wall, resting upon it by conducting its weight to a foundation structure.
By contrast, a curtain wall provides no significant structural support beyond what is necessary to bear its own materials or conduct such loads to a bearing wall. Depending on the type of building and the number of floors, load-bearing walls are gauged to the appropriate thickness to carry the weight above them.
6. Panel Wall
Without doing so, it is possible that an outer wall could become unstable if the load exceeds the strength of the material used, potentially leading to the collapse of the structure. The primary function of this wall is to enclose or divide space of the building to make it more functional and useful. It provides privacy, affords security, and gives protection against heat, cold, sun or rain.
The sills are bolted to the masonry or concrete foundation. The top plate or ceiling plate is the top of the wall, which sits just below the platform of the next floor at the ceiling.
The base plate or floor plate is the bottom attachment point for the wall studs. Using a top plate and a bottom plate, a wall can be constructed while it lies on its side, allowing for end-nailing of the studs between two plates, and then the finished wall can be tipped up vertically into place atop the wall sill; this not only improves accuracy and shortens construction time, but also produces a stronger wall.
DE Ytong (non)-load-bearing interior wall U=0,62 W/(m²K) d=260 mm
Due to the immense weight of skyscrapers , the base and walls of the lower floors must be extremely strong. Pilings are used to anchor the building to the bedrock underground. For example, the Burj Khalifa , the world's tallest building as well as the world's tallest structure, uses specially treated and mixed reinforced concrete.
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