He is regarded as the pioneer of modern Albanian literature and one of the most influential Albanian cultural icons of the 19th century.
He extraordinary became acquainted with numerous cultures and languages such as Arabic , Ancient and Modern Greek , French , Italian , Turkish and Persian. Upon the death of his father, he and his family settled to Ioannina where he earned initial inspiration for his future poetries written in the lyric and romantic style. After he suffered a severe lung infection, due to his congenital tuberculosis , in Constantinople , he joined his brother Abdyl in the fight for national freedom and consciousness of the Albanian people during the Albanian Renaissance in which he later became the most distinguished representative of that period.
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His extant works include twenty two works composed of fifteen works written in Albanian as well as four in Turkish, two in Greek and one in Persian, accessible to an audience beyond Albania.
It speaks to unity, freedom and it embodies in its words a sense of pride towards country and people. As a member of a family which gave him a strong Bektashi upbringing, he spent a part of his time in a Bektashi tekke.
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After the death of their parents the family moved to Ioannina in The eldest brother, Abdyl b. That year Naim and Sami enrolled in the Zosimaia secondary school. F to bypass those restrictions for his works.
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During the s the Turkish government allowed for his remains to be sent and reburied in Albania. Oh you blessed, sacred places, you inspire and delight me!
You, Albania, give me honour, and you name me as Albanian , And my heart you have replenished both with ardour and desire. Oh my mother!
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Though in exile I am longing, My heart has ne'er forgotten all the love you've given to me The importance of his works lies less in his creative expression than in the social and political intention of his poetry and faith. His works were noted by the desire to the emergence of an independent Albanian unity that overcomes denominational and territorial differences, and by an optimistic belief in civilization and the political, economic and cultural rise of the Albanian people.
He therefore composed his theological Fletore e Bektashinjet which is now a piece of national importance. Albanians of the Bektashi faith were in particular influenced and motivated by his work.
Numerous organisations, monuments , schools and streets had been founded and dedicated to his memory throughout Albania, Kosovo as well as to a lesser extent in North Macedonia and Romania.
The Albanian nation has established an order of merit that bears his name which was awarded to, amongst others, the Albanian nun and missionary Mother Teresa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Albanian poet and writer. This article is about the Albanian writer.
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Educator historian journalist poet politician rilindas translator writer. Albanian Greek Turkish Persian.
A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. Central European University Press.
John Benjamins Publishing. Albanian Literature: A Short History. World Journal of Islamic History and Civilization. C: University of South Carolina Press, p.
Tauris, Historical Dictionary of Albania. Shuteriqi Bloomsbury Publishing, Tauris in association with the Centre for Albanian Studies, p.
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The Albanian national awakening. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
London: IB Tauris. Ministry of Culture of Albania.
Archived from the original on 23 March Parliament of Albania. Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 14 August Albanian literature. Rilindas 1. Namespaces Article Talk.
Zosimaia School. Albanian Renaissance. Find out more on Wikipedia's Sister projects.