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Surendra Sai 23 January — 28 February was an Indian freedom fighter and tribal leader who sacrificed his life fighting against the British East India Company. Many of them were hanged by the British; a few died in the Cellular Jail in the Andamans.
Surendra Sai died in Asirgarh Jail on 23 May He was one of the seven children of Dharma Singh.
King Maharaja Sai died without an heir. The most prominent claimant among them was Surendra Sai. In time Rani Mohan Kumari became unpopular.
Her land revenue policy did not satisfy the Gondi people and Binjhal [ clarification needed ] tribal zamindars and subjects.
The British authorities removed Rani Mohan Kumari from power and put Narayan Singh, a descendant of royal family but born of a low caste, as the king of Sambalpur.
The British Government ignored the claim of Surendra Sai for succession. Rebellion broke out in the regime of Narayan Singh. Surendra Sai and his close associates, the Gond zamindars, created many disturbances.
King Narayan Singh died in During the uprising of the sepoys set Surendra Sai and his brother Udyant Sai free. The resistance to British continued in Sambalpur under the leadership of Surendra Sai. He was supported by his brothers, sons, relatives and some Zamindars. Sai espoused the cause of the downtrodden tribal people in Sambalpur by promoting their language and culture in response to the higher castes and the British trying to exploit them to establish their political power in Sambalpur region.
He began protesting against the British at the age of 18 in , moved operations to the hilly tracts of Odisha in and continued until he surrendered in and went to Hazaribagh Jail. The Indian Revolution collapsed by the end of and law and order was restored by the British throughout India , but he continued his revolution.
The military resources of the British were pulled up against him and the brilliant Generals like Major Forster, Capt.
Gour Hari Das: The Unsung Freedom Fighter Whose Fight Didn’t End With Freedom
Smith and others earned credit in suppressing the rebellion elsewhere in India were brought to Sambalpur to stamp out his revolution. But all attempts failed and Surendra Sai succeeded in foiling strategy of the British for a long time. Major Forster, the reputed general who was vested with full military and civil power and the authorities of a Commissioner to suppress Surendra Sai and his followers, was removed by the British authority in after three years in Sambalpur.
His successor Major Impey could not defeat Sai.
The British seized the entire food-stock of the rebels but also stopped all resources of the supply of food and other necessaries of life for them. Major Impey abandoned the idea of violent war and cautiously followed the policy of peace and good-will with the approval of the Government of India. Surendra Sai, one of the greatest revolutionaries in history, and a warrior who knew no defeat in his life surrendered with full faith in the honesty and integrity of the British Government.
However, after the death of Impey, situations took a sudden change and the British administrators revived their hostility towards the great hero.
Sambalpur was brought under the jurisdiction of the newly created Central Provinces on 30 April ; Surendra Sai decided to surrender soon after that. However, he was said to have been disillusioned and the new setup indulged in reversal of the old liberal policy.
The administrators found that the surrender of Surendra Sai did not bring the revolution to an end. They stepped down to organise a conspiracy and made sudden arrest of Surendra Sai and all his relations, friends and followers.
Sai and six of his followers were subsequently detained in the Asirgarh hill fort. Sai spent the last part of his life in captivity. In on 23 May, Surendra Sai died in the Asirgarh fort, away from his native land.
Sambalpur was one of the last patch of land to be occupied by the British Empire in India, not counting the Princely States. This was largely due to the efforts of Surendra Sai.
4 Freedom fighters from Odisha felicitated
He was a very good swordsman. People of the region affectionately called him as Bira or "Veer" meaning courageous Surendra Sai. Citizens of Sambalpur region feels Surendra Sai, should have been recorded with greater importance in the history of India's struggle for independence. According to them, he is yet to get the right place because of the state administration's ignorance and carelessness. Even historians and research scholars also have been blamed.
Many important documents and papers relating to Sundar Sai are said to be still existing at different archives in Bhopal , Nagpur and Raipur. The Government of Odisha is said to have done nothing in this regard.
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Freedom fighter of Odisha - Short Film [Hindi]
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List of people from Odisha
See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. Khinda , Bengal Presidency , British India. Asirgarh , Central Provinces , British India. Veer Surendra Sai. Orissa Govt. Retrieved 23 January In the year King Maharaja Singh died without any child and successor.
7 Freedom Fighters From Odisha You Might Not Know. But You MUST
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