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It is named after the largest district, Puducherry. Puducherry is the 29th most populous and the third most densely populated of the states and union territories of India.
The earliest recorded history of the municipality of Puducherry can be traced to the second century AD. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentions a marketplace named Poduke ch Huntingford suggested this might be a site about 2 miles from the modern Puducherry, which was possibly the location of Arikamedu now part of Ariyankuppam. Huntingford noted that Roman pottery was found at Arikamedu in In addition, archaeological excavations between and showed that it was "a trading station to which goods of Roman manufacture were imported during the first half of the 1st century" Subsequent investigation by Vimala Begley from to modified this assessment, and now place the period of occupation from the third or second century BC to the eighth century AD.
The territories of French India were completely transferred to the Republic of India de facto on 1 November , and de jure on 16 August , when French India ceased to exist, becoming the present Indian constituent union territory of Pondicherry, combining four coastal enclaves with the exception of Chandernagor , which merged with the state of West Bengal in Puducherry and Karaikal have the largest areas and population, and are both enclaves of Tamil Nadu.
Its population, as per the Census , is 1,, Some of Puducherry's regions are themselves amalgamations of non-contiguous enclaves, often called "pockets" in India. The Puducherry region is made of 11 such pockets, some of which are very small and entirely surrounded by the territory of Tamil Nadu. This unusual geography is a legacy of the colonial period with Puducherry retaining the borders of former French India.
All four regions of Puducherry are located in the coastal region.
The Nilgiris District
Hinduism is the major religion with Other religions include Christianity 6. Puducherry is a Union Territory of India rather than a state, which implies that governance and administration falls directly under federal authority.
The central government is more directly involved in the territory's financial well-being unlike states, which have a central grant that they administer. Consequently, Puducherry has at various times, enjoyed lower taxes, especially in the indirect category. According to the Treaty of Cession of , the four territories of former French India territorial administration are permitted to make laws with respect to specific matters.
In many cases, such legislation may require ratification from the federal government or the assent of the President of India. The Establishments will keep the benefit of the special administrative status which was in force prior to 1 November Any constitutional changes in this status which may be made subsequently shall be made after ascertaining the wishes of the people. According to the treaty, " the French language shall remain the official language of the Establishments so long as the elected representatives of the people shall not decide otherwise ".
The law also states that English "may be used for all or any of the official purposes of the Union territory".
The gross domestic product of Puducherry, at market prices estimated by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in millions of Indian rupees grew from 1, to , million rupees from to The potential for fisheries is substantial in the Union Territory.
Tanks and ponds are also tapped for commercial fish rearing. Puducherry is one of the most popular tourist spots for national and international tourists.
Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs Current Affairs - 2020
Out of Paadal Petra Sthalam Shiva Temples, the Puducherry region is owning 1 temple and in Karaikal regions it is having 4 temples which itself a clear proof that the Puducherry territory is also a part of the spiritual and sacramental of Shaivism principles. Besides in Villianur , Bahour and in so many areas of Puducherry region there are so many Shiva temples built up during the golden period of King Chola empire which gives immense pleasure to be proud of that our Puducherry territory was administered under the control of such golden rulers.
So visiting such ancient temples would definitely give more spiritual vibrations to the tourists.
For every year the Puducherry territory administration also declares official Holiday for performing the grand Car Festivals to the temples situates in Villianur , Veerampattinam that too the Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry and the Chief Minister of Puducherry also participates in such grand Car Festival.
A unique experimental city Auroville , the brainchild of the Mother , whose inhabitants are drawn from all parts of the world is situated on the outskirts of the city. There are several temples, churches, monuments, parks, and mosques which attract tourists.
Puducherry is connected by a railway branch line from the five-way junction at Viluppuram and Chennai. The railway line is a broad gauge line with 16 originating trains and 17 terminating trains. Puducherry has a network all weather metalled roads connecting the territory. According to the census, Puducherry had a literacy rate of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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This article is about the union territory. For the city, see Pondicherry. For other uses, see Puducherry disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification.
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Southern Union Territory of India. Union territory in South India, India.
e Governance in TamilNadu • Development Administration in Tamil Nadu PART 1 • TNPSC
Seal of Puducherry. Location of Puducherry marked in red in India.
Main article: History of Puducherry. Further information: List of rivers of Puducherry. Christianity 6. Main article: Official languages of Puducherry. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
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Main article: Tourism in Puducherry. Main article: Road Network in Puducherry District.
Further information: Puducherry Road Transport Corporation. Main article: List of educational institutions in Puducherry. Geography portal Asia portal India portal. The Hindu.
Revised TNPSC Group 2 Syllabus 2020 | Gr-II Prelims and Mains New Exam Pattern
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