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The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about B.
The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.
The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty 4th to 6th centuries A. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of years.
Foreign Secretary of India
European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent and India was seen as the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan.
The neighboring countries have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.
India's nuclear weapons tests in emboldened Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year.
In November , terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. India's economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in , a massive youthful population, and a strategic geographic location have contributed to India's emergence as a regional and global power.
However, India still faces pressing problems such as environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, and its restrictive business climate is dampening economic growth expectations. India's diverse economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of services. Slightly less than half of the workforce is in agriculture, but services are the major source of economic growth, accounting for nearly two-thirds of India's output but employing less than one-third of its labor force.
India has capitalized on its large educated English-speaking population to become a major exporter of information technology services, business outsourcing services, and software workers.
Nevertheless, per capita income remains below the world average. India is developing into an open-market economy, yet traces of its past autarkic policies remain. India's economic growth slowed in because of a decline in investment caused by high interest rates, rising inflation, and investor pessimism about the government's commitment to further economic reforms and about slow world growth. Growth rebounded in through Rising macroeconomic imbalances in India and improving economic conditions in Western countries led investors to shift capital away from India, prompting a sharp depreciation of the rupee through The economy slowed again in , due to shocks of "demonetizaton" in and introduction of GST in India has a young population and corresponding low dependency ratio, healthy savings and investment rates, and is increasing integration into the global economy.
Media in category "Arun Jaitley"
However, long-term challenges remain significant, including: India's discrimination against women and girls, an inefficient power generation and distribution system, ineffective enforcement of intellectual property rights, decades-long civil litigation dockets, inadequate transport and agricultural infrastructure, limited non-agricultural employment opportunities, high spending and poorly targeted subsidies, inadequate availability of quality basic and higher education, and accommodating rural-to-urban migration.
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Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA): Facts, Myths and Importance
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South Asia :: India Print. Page last updated on January 06, Flag Description. South Asia :: India. The Ganges River forms the largest tide-dominated delta in the world where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. This false-color satellite image vividly displays the large amount of sediment violet , carried from as far away as the Himalayas, that precipitates when it abruptly encounters the sea.
The delta is largely covered with a swamp forest known as the Sunderbans, which is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger. Image courtesy of USGS.
Factbook photos - obtained from a variety of sources - are in the public domain and are copyright free. Agency Copyright Notice.
Elegant design work at Agra Fort. A pillared porch overlooking Agra Fort. Window at Agra Fort. Minaret at the mosque of the Taj Mahal. The Jahangiri Mahal, the most prominent building at Agra Fort.
Realistic bas-relief floral design in marble at the Taj Mahal.
The long reflecting pool leading to the Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal framed by the gateway entrance. A floral marble design at the Taj Mahal.
History of the British Raj
A pavilion on the grounds of the Taj Mahal. On the road from Delhi to Agra.
DPC Act 1971
Qutab Minar, a tower in Delhi, is the world's tallest free standing brick and stone minaret. The structure is Carved pillar at the Qutab complex, Delhi.
Defence of india act 1971 pdf to jpg
Complex carvings on the grounds of Humayun's Tomb. Elaborate latticework on the grounds of Humayun's Tomb.
The Taj Mahal was built by Emperor Shah Jahan between and to honor the memory of his favorite wife. Located miles from New Delhi in Agra, it took nearly 22 years, 22, workers, and 1, elephants to complete the white marble mausoleum. This mound-like structure called the Dhamek Stupa is feet high and 92 feet wide. Located in Sarnath, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, it is believed to be the location of Buddha's first sermon to his five disciples after attaining enlightenment. Varanasi, located on the west bank of the River Ganges in the state of Uttar Pradesh, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and is often referred to as the religious capital of India.
Pilgrims journey to Varanasi to cleanse their spirits in the river. Introduction :: India. Background : This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Geography :: India. Location : This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Geographic coordinates : This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNS , maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names.
Map references : This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. Area : This entry includes three subfields. Area - comparative : This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents.