The use of force doctrine is employed by police officers, as well as security officers on duty, to regulate their actions in the use of force. On November 12, Graham, who was a diabetic, felt an insulin reaction coming on and rushed to the store with a friend to get some orange juice.
In the midst of all this, he was being watched by Officer Connor, of the Charlotte City Police Department police department.
After several other officers arrived, one of them handcuffed Graham. Eventually, when Connor learned that nothing had happened in the convenience store, the officers drove Graham home and released him.
Tactical Training for Law Enforcement
Over the course of the encounter, Graham sustained a broken foot, cuts on his wrists, a bruised forehead and an injured shoulder. The Supreme Court held that it was irrelevant whether Connor acted in good faith, because the use of force must be judged based on its objective reasonableness.
Suspects who do not resist but follow all commands are compliant. A suspect fails to follow commands and his actions are neutral or defensive, and the officer does not feel threatened by his actions.
A suspect takes offensive action and to defend himself, the officer must respond with appropriate force to stop, eliminate, or control the threat. Justified responses include the use of personal weapons hands, fists, feet , batons, and pepper spray.
For each of the four suspect categories, officers have all of the tools in the preceding categories available. Lesson 5 - Use of Force - 2.