Le Deconstructivisme En Architecture Pdf

Le deconstructivisme en architecture pdf

Nationale Nederlanden Building, Prague.

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A perfect example of hypermodern contemporary art. For a brief guide to the evolution of architectural design, from Antiquity to Deconstructivism, see: History of Architecture 3, BCE - present.

The Experience Music Project Seattle. Designed by Frank O. Architecture For terminology, see: Architecture Glossary. For top designers, see: Greatest Architects. One of the most visually striking types of art yet developed, Deconstructivism is a weird-looking but intensely creative style of 20th century architecture that first emerged during the late s, principally in Los Angeles California, but also in Europe. A strand of postmodernist avant-garde art , made possible by the use of design software developed from the aerospace industry, deconstructivist architecture is opposed to the ordered rationality of geometry, preferring a non-rectilinear approach to design which typically distorts the exterior of a structure, subverting modernist values in the process.

Deconstructivism and its 10 Most Amazing Buildings

Some intellectuals believe that deconstructivist philosophy is opposed to postmodernist art as well, although what practical consequences this has is rather unclear.

Gehry b. Other deconstructivists include Daniel Libeskind b. See also Design Art c.

Deconstructivism

Deconstructivism came to public attention as a result of the design entries to the Parc de la Villette architectural competition, submitted by Jacques Derrida, Peter Eisenman and Bernard Tschumi who won. The following year saw the opening of the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus, the first major public building to be designed in the deconstructivist style by Peter Eisenman. Since the emergence of Deconstructivism, some architects associated with it have moved away or detached themselves from it, but the term has stuck and its iconoclastic design philosophy has permeated contemporary American architecture as well as European designs.

Although some experts see a link with Constructivism , the movement pioneered in Russia by the likes of Vladimir Tatlin , Lyubov Popova and El Lissitzky , others deny any such connection.

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Still others claim that the deconstructivist movement derives in part from concepts advanced by the post-structuralist philosopher Jacques Derrida. Another important, if not necessarily defining, text for deconstructivists is Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture by Robert Venturi. Deconstructivist architecture is characterised by surface manipulation, fragmentation, and non-rectilinear shapes which distort and dislocate architectural conventions concerning structure and envelope.

Le deconstructivisme en architecture pdf

It deliberately juxtaposes elements that appear to contradict each other in order to challenge traditional ideas of harmony and continuity - even stability! In short, deconstructivism challenges almost all traditional styles of building design. However, it is really no more than a series of postmodernist "impulses" rather than a coherent movement, or a consistent design style.

C’est quoi le déconstructivisme?

Examples of Deconstructivist Architecture. Here are brief descriptions of ten of the most influential deconstructivist designs. An abstract assemblage of cubist and curvaceous forms, the museum houses one of the largest collections of furniture in the world, incorporating most periods and styles from the nineteenth century to the modern era.

Frank Gehry's first building in Europe, created in cooperation with the Lorrach designer Gunter Pfeifer, the Vitra Design Museum is one of several architectural delights on the campus of furniture company Vitra.

Déconstructivisme

Consisting of two interconnected building units: the Cinema Block, with eight cinemas and seating for over two thousand viewers, and the Crystal, a glass shell functioning as a foyer and as a public square.

Described by Coop Himmelb l au as "an urban passageway", the Crystal is also used as a venue for public functions, while its urban quality is enhanced by systems of bridges and stairs that provide views of people through layers of light and colour.

When it opened, the Spiral's bookcases contained , books, but were able to accommodate up to 1,, books without adding to the shelves. Jewish Museum, Berlin, Germany Designed by Daniel Libeskind Completed: This example of Shoah art consists of a unique zig-zag structure, encased in thin zinc sheeting punctured by windows shaped to symbolize wounds and scars, whose shape was inspired by a bent Star of David, and a jaggedness which represents the Jewish condition.

The Deconstructivist Postmodernism

A huge gap is carved through the museum, symbolizing the disappearance of thousands of Berliners who vanished in the Holocaust.

Referred to obliquely as "weird" by China's President, this extraordinary example of deconstuctivist skyscraper architecture - housing the headquarters of Central China TV - is not a conventional tower, but a loop of six vertical and horizontal sections.

Le deconstructivisme en architecture pdf

Parc de la Villette, Paris, France Designed by Bernard Tschumi Completed: An original icon of deconstructivist design, the Parc de la Villette in Paris is characterized by a strange network of bright red structures designed not for relaxation but interactivity and exploration. With themed gardens, children's playgrounds and other facilities dedicated to science and music, it includes some 25 buildings, walkways, bridges, and landscaped gardens which were constructed over a period of fifteen years.

Le deconstructivisme en architecture pdf

Wexner Center for the Arts, Ohio Designed by Peter Eisenman Completed: This five-storey, open-air structure with its white faux scaffolding designed to make the whole structure appear to be a "work in progress", has no recognizable point of entry, and an interior said to induce nausea in some visitors due to the "colliding planes" of the design. In this sense, the structure remains one of the most uncompromising examples of deconstructivist architecture, elevating abstract theories above convenience and functionality.

Le deconstructivisme en architecture pdf

The Lois and Richard Rosenthal Center in Cincinnati - one of the best galleries of contemporary art concentrating on hypermodern painting, sculpture, architecture, photography, performance art and new media - is committed to staging exhibitions by postmodernist artists who encapsulate"the art of the last five minutes".

Perhaps appropriately therefore, it was designed by the pioneering desconstructivist Zaha Hadid, the Iraqi-born British Pritzker Prize winning female architect.

Le deconstructivisme en architecture pdf

See also: Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Launched in , completed designs for the project were submitted in Composed of a series of non-rectilinear silver stainless curved cuboid shapes, the concert hall seats 2, people and serves as the home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic orchestra.

It has experienced a number of technical problems. Christened "The Dancing House", or "Fred and Ginger", this extraordinary building next to the Vltava River won the Design of the year award from Time magazine, but did not harmonize well with the Gothic, Baroque and Art Nouveau structures for which Prague is famous. However after several years, it is now considered to be one of the most interesting buildings in the city.

Its interior was designed by the Czech-born architect Eva Jiricna.

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Articles on 20th Century Architecture. All rights reserved. Deconstructivism c. Summary One of the most visually striking types of art yet developed, Deconstructivism is a weird-looking but intensely creative style of 20th century architecture that first emerged during the late s, principally in Los Angeles California, but also in Europe.

History Deconstructivism came to public attention as a result of the design entries to the Parc de la Villette architectural competition, submitted by Jacques Derrida, Peter Eisenman and Bernard Tschumi who won. Characteristics Deconstructivist architecture is characterised by surface manipulation, fragmentation, and non-rectilinear shapes which distort and dislocate architectural conventions concerning structure and envelope.

Le deconstructivisme en architecture pdf

Examples of Deconstructivist Architecture Here are brief descriptions of ten of the most influential deconstructivist designs. Vitra Design Museum, Weil am Rhein, Germany Designed by Frank Gehry Completed: An abstract assemblage of cubist and curvaceous forms, the museum houses one of the largest collections of furniture in the world, incorporating most periods and styles from the nineteenth century to the modern era.

CCTV headquarters, Beijing, China Designed by OMA Completed: Referred to obliquely as "weird" by China's President, this extraordinary example of deconstuctivist skyscraper architecture - housing the headquarters of Central China TV - is not a conventional tower, but a loop of six vertical and horizontal sections. Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, Ohio Designed by Zaha Hadid Completed: The Lois and Richard Rosenthal Center in Cincinnati - one of the best galleries of contemporary art concentrating on hypermodern painting, sculpture, architecture, photography, performance art and new media - is committed to staging exhibitions by postmodernist artists who encapsulate"the art of the last five minutes".