Dastuurka Dowland Federaalka Soomaaliya Pdf To Jpg

It provides the legal foundation for the existence of the Federal Republic and source of legal authority.

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It sets out the rights and duties of its citizens, and defines the structure of government. Somalia's provisional Constitution provides for a parliamentary system of government, with the President of Somalia as head of state and a selected Prime Minister as head of government. Together, they make up the Federal Parliament of Somalia.

On June 20, and through a popular referendum , the people of Somalia ratified a new Constitution, which was first drafted in The legislature also elected the head of state, or president of the republic.

In , following the assassination of Somalia's second president, Abdirashid Ali Shermarke , the military staged a coup on October 21 the day after Shermarke's funeral , and took over office.

Barre shortly afterwards became the head of the SRC.

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A new Constitution was ratified on August 25, through a popular referendum , under which elections for a People's Assembly were held. As head of government, the president selected the members of the Council of Ministers , which he chaired.


The Constitution of initially called for the president to be elected to a six-year, renewable term of office by a two-thirds majority vote of the legislature. After Barre's overthrow, a provisional government called for a new Constitution to replace the document that had been the law of the land at the time of his ouster. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia promotes human rights, the rule of law, general standards of international law , justice, participatory consultative and inclusive government, the separation of powers between the legislature , executive and an independent judiciary , in order to ensure accountability , efficiency and responsiveness to the interests of the people.

The Federal Republic of Somalia is a federal state with a semi-presidential system , where much of the executive power lies with the Prime Minister. The Somali federal president is the head of state. The presidential powers of the head of state are far reaching and are carried out in accordance with the Constitution and the other laws of the Federal Republic of Somalia.


These powers include appointing the head of the executive Prime Minister , serving as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and declaring a state of emergency and war.

The executive power of the federal government is vested in the federal cabinet. The Prime Minister is the head of government. They head the federal Cabinet, consisting of ministers appointed on the Prime Minister's suggestion.

Constitution of Somalia

The Prime Minister is elected for a full term of 4 years and can only be dismissed by parliament electing a successor in a vote of no confidence. Judicial authority of the Federal Republic is vested in the courts.

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The judiciary is independent of the legislative and executive branches of government whilst fulfilling its judicial functions. It can declare statutes as null and void if they are in violation of the Federal Constitution.

The main body of the legislative branch is Somalia's bicameral parliament , the Federal Parliament, which enacts federal legislation except laws related to the annual budget. Each member of the Federal Parliament has the right to initiate legislation, as does the cabinet.

The lower house comprises MPs, while the upper house is capped at 54 representatives. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Provisional Constitution.

Khayre Oo kormeeray xarunta Wasaarada Maaliyada Dowlada Fadaraalka

Judiciary of Somalia. Administrative divisions. Foreign relations. Political parties Human rights. Other countries Atlas.

Dastuurka federaalka jamhuuriyadda soomaaliya soomaali 2012

Main article: Somali Democratic Republic. Main article: President of Somalia. Main article: Prime Minister of Somalia.

Main article: Judiciary of Somalia. Main article: Federal Parliament of Somalia.

British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved UN News Centre. Retrieved 17 September Al Jazeera English. Mending rips in the sky: options for Somali communities in the 21st century. Red Sea Press.


Skin to Sumac , Volume 25, Grolier: , p. Somalia: A Country Study.

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Washington, D. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland. Categories : Government of Somalia Constitutions by country. Hidden categories: Articles with inconsistent citation formats CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Articles containing Somali-language text.

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Dastuurka dowland federaalka soomaaliya pdf to jpg

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Judiciary Judiciary of Somalia. Other Political parties Human rights. Somalia portal Other countries Atlas.