Poetry Terms For Kids Pdf

Poetry terms for kids pdf

Poetry Word Search Puzzles

Poetry has a lot of terms with special meanings. This poetry dictionary for kids lists the most common poetic terms that kids might encounter, along with their definitions. Acrostic A form of poem in which the first syllables of each line spell out a word, name, or phrase. See How to Write an Acrostic Poem.

See Alliteration and Assonance Lesson Plan. Anagram A word or phrase created by rearranging the letters of another word or phrase. Antonym A word that has the opposite meaning of another word.

Poetry terms for kids pdf

Ballad A form of poetry, usually suitable for singing, that tells a story in stanzas of two or four lines, and often has a refrain. Cinquain A five-line poetic form in which the lines have 2, 4, 6, 8, and 2 syllables , in that order.

Poetry terms for kids pdf

See How to Write a Cinquain Poem. See How to Write a Clerihew.

Concrete Poem A poem in which the meaning is conveyed by the placement and design of the words on the page instead of, or in addition to, the usual arrangement of words. Also sometimes called Visual Poetry. Double Rhyme A rhyme where the stress is on the second-to-last syllable of the words, and the end sounds are the same, starting with the vowel of the stressed syllables.

See also internal rhyme.

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Epitaph A short poem written about someone who has died, often inscribed on the headstone of their grave. Epitaphs usually praise the person, and are sometimes humorous. Exaggeration To overstate something; to claim that it is bigger, better, faster, smellier, etc.

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When Larry Made Lasagna is an example of a exaggeration poem. See How to Write an Exaggeration Poem. See also Hyperbole. Foot In poetry , a group of two or more syllables , one of which is stressed. Metrical poems are often written in feet with the same number of syllables with the stress in the same place in each foot.

Common poetic forms include acrostic , cinquain , free verse , haiku , etc. See Poetry Lessons for Kids to learn how to write many different poetic forms. Free verse often also avoids rhymes , but still may make use of other poetic techniques such as imagery and metaphor , as well as sound devices such as assonance and alliteration.

Haiku A short, unrhymed Japanese poetic form with three lines of five syllables , seven syllables, and five syllables.

See How to Write a Haiku. Homonym A word that has the same spelling and sound as another word, but a different meaning. Homophone A word that has the same sound as another word, but a different spelling and meaning. Imagery Language and poetic techniques used to create mental pictures and cause emotions in the reader. Internal Rhyme Rhymes within a line of poetry.

For example, the poem My Pet Germs by Kenn Nesbitt contains an internal rhyme on the third line of each stanza. Light Verse Poetry that is intended to be humorous, amusing, or entertaining. While there is some light verse written in free verse , most light verse is written in rhyme and meter. There are also many light-verse poetic forms , such as limericks , clerihews , double-dactyls, etc. See How to Write a Limerick.

Line A single row of words in a poem. For example, a limerick has five lines, while a haiku has three lines. Lines are one of the main things that distinguish poetry from prose. List Poem A poem that contains a list of things, people, places, etc. Metaphor A figure of speech, where a thing is described as being something else in order to suggest a similarity between the two.

A Glossary of Poetic Vocabulary Terms for Children

Meter Rhythmical patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry. Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story. Narrative poems usually have a plot and one or more characters. See also Assonance and Alliteration Lesson Plan. Nonsense Poem A form of light verse , usually rhymed and metrical , often with strange characters, fantastic or impossible situations, and made-up words.

Poetry terms for kids pdf

Nursery Rhyme A short, rhyming poem for young children, often telling a short story or describing an interesting character. The most well-known nursery rhymes in the English language are those attributed to Mother Goose. Occasional Poem A poem written to commemorate a specific occasion or event, such as a birthday, wedding, funeral, anniversary, graduation, military victory, etc. Parody A poem written in the style of another poem, usually humorous.

Parodies usually assume the reader is familiar with the original work.

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Perfect Rhyme Two words that have exactly the same vowel and consonant sounds at the ends, starting with the first vowel of the last stressed syllable. Note that the first consonant sound of the last stressed syllable must be different.

See also: Near Rhyme , Assonance , and Consonance. Personification Giving human characteristics to non-human things, such as animals, inanimate objects, or ideas. Poem A written composition, often using rhythm , rhyme , metaphor , and other such artistic techniques to express an idea, feelings, or a story.

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Poetry Literature written in verse , as opposed to prose , often written in metrical lines. Prose Ordinary writing or spoken language, usually written in sentences and paragraphs, as opposed to rhythmical lines. Quatrain A four-line poem or stanza. Refrain A phrase, line , or stanza that is repeated throughout a poem , often after each stanza. Repetition Using the same word, phrase, line , or stanza two or more times in a poem. See How to Write a Repetition Poem to learn how to use repetition in your own poetry.

See Rhyme Schemes Lesson Plan to learn how to write the rhyme scheme of a poem. Rhythm The sound and feel created by the pattern of accented and unaccented syllables , usually repeated, in a poem.

Poetry terms for kids pdf

Stanza A group of lines in a poem , separated by space from other stanzas, much like a paragraph in prose. All words have at least one syllable. Synonym A word that has the same, or nearly the same, meaning as another word. Tanka A 5-line, syllable unrhymed traditional Japanese poetic form , with five syllables on the first and third lines, and seven syllables on the second, fourth, and fifth lines.

See also How to Write a Tanka Poem. Tercet A group of three lines that rhyme with one another, or are connected to another tercet by their rhyme scheme. Theme The main idea, topic, or subject of a poem. Triple Rhyme A rhyme in which the third-to-last syllable in the words final stressed syllable.

See How to Rhyme.

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Wrenched Rhyme Rhyming the final syllables of two words, where one is stressed and the other is not. See also Perfect Rhyme. B Ballad A form of poetry, usually suitable for singing, that tells a story in stanzas of two or four lines, and often has a refrain. C Cinquain A five-line poetic form in which the lines have 2, 4, 6, 8, and 2 syllables , in that order. F Foot In poetry , a group of two or more syllables , one of which is stressed. H Haiku A short, unrhymed Japanese poetic form with three lines of five syllables , seven syllables, and five syllables.

I Imagery Language and poetic techniques used to create mental pictures and cause emotions in the reader. L Light Verse Poetry that is intended to be humorous, amusing, or entertaining.

Poetry Dictionary for Kids

M Metaphor A figure of speech, where a thing is described as being something else in order to suggest a similarity between the two. N Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story.

O Occasional Poem A poem written to commemorate a specific occasion or event, such as a birthday, wedding, funeral, anniversary, graduation, military victory, etc. Poet A person who writes poems. R Refrain A phrase, line , or stanza that is repeated throughout a poem , often after each stanza.

Stress Same as accent. T Tanka A 5-line, syllable unrhymed traditional Japanese poetic form , with five syllables on the first and third lines, and seven syllables on the second, fourth, and fifth lines. V Verse Verse has several meanings, including: A line of a poem A poem Poetry in general, especially metrical poetry W Wrenched Rhyme Rhyming the final syllables of two words, where one is stressed and the other is not.

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