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An Inspector Calls Analysis Essay Sample
I am a literature enthusiast with a passion for writing critical essays. An Inspector Calls was written by J. Priestley, after the Second World War. It is set in the spring of in the fictitious town of Brumley, England. This is where the Birlings, a prosperous industrial family, live. The plot focuses on the suicide of Eva Smith, the soon-to-be daughter-in-law of the Birlings.
Throughout the play, J. Priestly uses Eva Smith's suicide as a plot device to build dramatic tension, dramatic irony, and to share his socialist message.
An inspector calls book analysis example
Socialist issues are explored by the two main characters, Mr. Birling and Inspector Goole, who subtly debate their outlooks for the future. Birling claims there will be prosperity and peace, while Inspector Goole sees more war on the horizon.
Over the course of the play, the Birling family is interrogated and it's revealed to have been responsible for the young woman's exploitation, abandonment and social ruin, effectively leading to her death. Before the Inspector tells us that we are all links in the chain and we should look out for each other, the audience bears witness to exactly what might happen if we choose to ignore this view of society.
Each of the Birlings is a link in the chain of events that lead to Eva Smiths suicide. Even Gerald is a link to the suicide—even though he has just recently become engaged to Sheila. We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other.
This sudden revelation is very effective because it makes the audience aware that they, too, could have brought about similar tragedies without even knowing it.
These are the people who are often forgotten in modern society.
This revelation is given weight and significance by the sudden manner in which the Birlings' involvement with Eva Smith is made clear. Socialism was a very relevant topic because An Inspector Calls was released in at the end of the Second World War. As we can see, Priestley uses Eva Smith as a representative of the forgotten people of society.
She is one of the millions of individuals who are ignored and shunned as a result of a series of misfortunes. She received disdain from others and likely lacked capital or the means of support.
'An Inspector Calls': Top Set Analysis
Generally, she would have been referred to as one of the "down and outs" of society. The World War had caused pain and anguish for the Smiths, who suffered, and are still suffering. The Inspector's doubles as a device used by Priestley to both convey his ideas about society and to build up dramatic tension.
An Inspector Calls Summary
We see this tension in the way in which he contrasts with Mr. Birling is extremely confident and, some would say, arrogant at the beginning of the play. He dismisses the possibility of a war based on his belief in progress. Ultimately, he is selfish and arrogant. He doesn't think so highly of these capitalist developments. When Mr. The fact that the Inspector arrives just after Birling gives this advice is a great example of dramatic timing. We see these contrasting characteristics develop more throughout the play.
The Inspector gains weight, charisma, and power, and therefore tension is built, throughout the play. The Inspector belittles and erodes the confidence of Mr. Birling, a man that is supposedly a powerful figure.
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Birling becomes insecure while trying to defend his actions. We see that he becomes anxious, and this builds tension, because the audience is made aware of how formidable a character the Inspector is.
The Inspector draws the audience's attention, making them wonder what he will do next, what his next line of inquiry will be. Another way in which Priestly builds dramatic tension is by gradually revealing that all of the characters are found to have played a part in the alleged murder of Eva Smith. Everytime the Inspector shows the photograph to a different character, a little more is revealed about their collective guilt.
The photograph is a great device for moving the plot. Dramatic tension is also built through the use of dramatic irony. The audience instantly knows that Mr.
An Inspector Calls: Character Analysis of the Inspector
While the audience knows that Mr. Birling is wrong, Mr.
Birling is too arrogant to see the flaws in his logic. This builds tension, making the audience more involved because they are in possession of knowledge that the characters are not. He does this for a number of reasons. The audience knows this to be untrue. For years to come, countries would be entrenched in the Cold War the long-lasting standoff between Capitalism and Communism.
This quote, amongst other extraordinary pearls of ignorance from Mr. Birling, once again pulls the audience into the play, because they know more than the characters know.
This gives the Inspector more credibility because the audience is aware of how accurate his statements are about the future. The setting of the play is also a device used to communicate Priestly's message of social equality.
The timing is crucial. Setting the play in , Priestly uses the setting to convey a sense of dramatic irony. And only 2 decades later, in , a Second World War occurred.
JB Priestley communicates his ideas and beliefs of social equality and collective responsibility through Inspector Goole. Showing the photograph of Eva Smith to only one character at a time is an extremely effective way of progressing the play, ensuring smooth continuity, because it is subtle. It is probable that the audience does not, and did not, notice the possibility that the characters were being shown different photographs. So, in this way, JB Priestley makes the characters believe, makes them know , that they are each implicated in the suicide of a young girl.
No one admits their part in the suicide, but looks to money as an answer instead of personal change. The very fact that the characters can brush off their responsibility in the murder, and ignore the fact that each of them had treated "Eva Smith" badly, is meant to shock the audience.
The "pawn" characters and Inspector Goole operate extremely well with each other. Each make statements containing dramatic irony. Each says something that the audience knows will be false. Finally, when it is revealed at the end of the play that another inspector is coming to see the Birlings, the audience is left wondering who Inspector Goole was. He seems almost like a prophetic figure.
By leaving the audience with this question, Priestly ends the play by implanting internal tension within us.
An Inspector Calls
Certainty was a luxury of the time. Everyone else was left with the chaos of the World Wars and their stark aftermath. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Thanks loving it so informative and will be excellent revision in time for my exams helped me a lot!! Thanks xxx. As a teacher of English Literature I fear there are some questions regarding plagiarism here!
To all you students out there beware: it is blindingly obvious to the examiners when a student is writing from memory not from understanding. A good start Johnkufy would be to learn how to spell the characters names correctly! Can you please write me an essay regarding the theme of responsibility for inspector call. Send it to my email. Should be of good help for many'a student out there in the world of coursework. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
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An Inspector Calls Analysis Essay Sample
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Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. Luno more. Before we begin, here are a few tips to remember when writing your essay. Write an introduction.
In the introduction, write a brief explanation of the book. Keep this very brief, and let it serve as an opening paragraph to your essay. Writing this introduction will give you a natural platform on which to introduce the subject of your text.
Use powerful quotes throughout your essay. Use powerful quotes throughout your essay to back your ideas up with strong evidence. A few quotes here and there just won't cut it.